World Cultures 1: Western Hemisphere

Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. The process through which government-owned businesses become privately owned is
a. democratization.
b. communism.
c. privatization.
____ 2. What landform stretches across France, Belgium, Germany, and Poland to Russia?
a. The Western Uplands
b. The Northern European Plain
c. The Alpine region
____ 3. Why did the Soviet Union collapse?
a. Europe stopped trading with it.
b. The separate republics wanted independence.
c. The United States defeated it in a war.
____ 4. What enabled Europe to conduct so much trade and exploration?
a. The mild climate in all regions.
b. Most places had easy access to water.
c. People built dikes and created polders.
____ 5. What is one reason why many people from other parts of the world have immigrated to Europe?
a. to find jobs
b. to sell goods from back home
c. to purchase homes of their own
____ 6. The population of Russia and the Eurasian republics has/have been limited by
a. wars.
b. geographic features.
c. the availability of natural resources.
____ 7. What did Gorbachev want to accomplish with his perestroika movement in the Soviet Union?
a. restructuring the economy
b. autonomy for the republics
c. freedom for people to speak openly about the government
____ 8. During the Renaissance
a. there was an explosion of ideas expressed in art, literature, and architecture.
b. Julius Caesar rose to power and became rule of Rome.
c. the feudal system developed.
____ 9. Artists from which period used light and color to capture a moment and often worked in an abstract style?
a. Impressionist
b. Romantic
c. Renaissance
____ 10. The goal of the European Union is
a. to remove barriers to immigration.
b. to extend their economic organization throughout Europe.
c. to treat countries as one nation.
____ 11. Which of the following has resulted in harm to the Mediterranean Sea’s ecosystem?
a. reclaiming seabeds for use in farming
b. building canals and waterways
c. overfishing and overdevelopment
____ 12. In 1917, who began the Russian Revolution which overthrew the czar and allowed Lenin to become leader
of the new government?
a. the Bolsheviks
b. the Nazis
c. Hitler’s army
____ 13. What was one consequence of the Chernobyl disaster?
a. An estimated 600,000 people received significant radiation exposure.
b. Fires burned homes and killed over 1,000 people.
c. Flooding destroyed plants and animals in 6,000 square miles.
____ 14. Which era is highlighted by Euclid’s geometry, the change in the practice of medicine by Hippocrates, and
the philosophers Socrates and Plato?
a. the Roman Empire
b. Alexander the Great’s Empire
c. the golden age of Greece
____ 15. Which of the following is true of the Trans-Siberian Railroad today?
a. It plays an important role in world economy.
b. The trains are regularly attacked by thieves and tigers.
c. It still operates with steam engines.
____ 16. Under Josef Stalin, the U.S. and the Soviet Union participated in a Cold War that resulted in
a. the democratic election of Mikhail Gorbachev.
b. a “space race” won by the Soviet Union.
c. a return of private ownership of land and resources.
____ 17. Which of the following statements is true of Russia’s government?
a. The Constitutional Court Judges are appointed for life.
b. The president is appointed for life.
c. The prime minister is elected and appoints the president.
____ 18. What area do some experts believe may have more energy reserves than the Persian Gulf?
a. Siberia
b. the Caspian Sea
c. the Arctic Ocean
____ 19. Which language group includes English?
a. Germanic
b. Romance
c. Slavic
____ 20. What was Czar Alexander II’s goal in freeing the serfs?
a. He wanted to modernize Russia’s agriculture and increase food production.
b. He wanted to punish the landlords.
c. He wanted serfs to be free to work in industry.
____ 21. What did Peter the Great think was most important about St. Petersburg’s location?
a. It has a great climate for tourism.
b. It provides a port on the Baltic Sea for trade.
c. It has many canals, islands, and bridges.
____ 22. What were the branches of government in the Roman Republic?
a. executive, legislative, and judicial
b. the Senate and the Assembly
c. patricians, plebeians, and tribunes
____ 23. Lasting engineering feats of the Romans include
a. the development of the arch used to construct aqueducts.
b. advanced weaponry to use against invaders.
c. the invention of the printing press.
____ 24. What is the term used for the permanently frozen ground that is found in about half of Russia?
a. permafrost
b. arctic region
c. tundra
____ 25. What did Gorbachev’s policy of glasnost result in?
a. active trade with European nations
b. protests for freedom
c. less government control of the economy

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