Philosophy discussion post 2 | Reading homework help

 1) Answer any THREE of  the nine questions listed below. You may pick three questions from the  same chapter or three questions from two different chapters. It’s  entirely up to you. These three posts must have a minimum of 100 words each. Anything less will result in a grade of ZERO without the possibility of a make-up post. 

 PLEASE MAKE SURE TO SUBMIT 3 SEPARATE POSTS: DO NOT ANSWER MORE THAN ONE QUESTION IN A SINGLE POST. 

 

QUESTIONS:

 

Chapter 4: Epicurus

1.  Although Epicurus is a hedonist, he is clearly opposed to vulgar  hedonism. Can you find additional arguments for or against the theory of  vulgar hedonism? Is it not terribly “ judgmental” for us to claim that  some pleasures are “higher” or “ lower” than others? Shouldn’t we just  tolerate and accept differences of opinion in this area? Or does it make  more sense to argue that there is a natural hierarchy of pleasures and  pains?

2.  Epicurus believes that fear of divine retribution is the greatest  source of fear and anxiety. Do you agree with this assessment? Why or  why not?

3.  Epicurus argues that the best and happiest way of life is one in which  one seeks to satisfy on the most basic, natural and necessary desires.  Do you agree that embracing such a life of simplicity (no honor, fame,  luxury or wealth) is really more conducive to happiness and tranquility  than trying to “keep up with the Joneses”? If you said “yes,” then are  you already taking measures to live in the Epicurean manner?

Chapter 5: St. Thomas Aquinas

4.  How would St. Thomas defend himself (if, indeed, such a defense is  possible) against the charge of being “homophobic” (a word that did not  exist in his time, but which is fairly common today)? Would you find his  defense plausible? Why or why not?

5.  If one is not at all religious, is it still possible to take St.  Thomas’ natural law principle seriously? Could it still be relied upon  as a guide to living well? Explain.

Chapter 6: Thomas Hobbes

6. Do you think that being self-interested is a bad thing? If so, why? If not, why not?

7.  Compare Christ’s Golden Rule with Hobbes’ Golden Rule. Which do you  think is more effective in getting people to obey the laws, and why?

8.  Do you agree with Hobbes that our natural condition is one of  lawlessness and violence? How do you think you would behave if you knew  you could get away with whatever you wanted to? Do we only obey the laws  out of fear of punishment?

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